Labeling requirements establish clear and accurate communication about the material in a package.
Hazardous materials packages prepared for transport in commerce must be labeled according to the requirements of 49 CFR or IATA. This means that each package must have the specific hazard labels displayed in the chemical table for the appropriate service.
Labels, whether printed on a carton or affixed to the package, must meet the specific requirements of §§172.411 through 172.448 in 49 CFR or Section 18.104.22.168 in IATA. These requirements specify the design, size, and color of the labels.
UPS will not accept the use of a "TOXIC" or "POISON" label on packages containing Division 6.1, Packing Group III materials. We require the use of a Division 6.1 label with "PG III" on the label and no other text.
Hazard labels cannot be bent or wrapped around corners.
The required labeling is shown in the "Ground Shipments - Label(s) Required" column and in "Air Shipments - Label(s) Required" column. Some hazardous materials have multiple risks and require more than one hazard label. The first label name displayed is the "primary" risk class. Additional label names are the "subrisks" for that material. All subrisk labels must be displayed on the same side of the package as the primary label and the associated marking. However, if the package size does not accommodate both the primary and subrisk labels, the subrisk labels can be affixed on an adjacent side and must be within 6" of the primary label.
There are exceptions to the hazard labeling requirements. These exceptions are usually referenced in the "Ground and Air Shipments - 'Special Provisions' and 'Exceptions' columns of the chemical table.
Many limited quantity shipments of hazardous materials not offered for transport by aircraft are exempt from hazard labeling requirements.
Air hazardous material packages containing cargo aircraft only (CAO) quantities must be labeled with a CAO label.
Exemption/Special Permit packaging that are designed, manufactured, and certified by packaging vendors are often exempt from labeling requirements when used for hazardous materials of specific classes and packing groups. For these packages, follow the instructions completely, and do not use hazard labels for these shipments.
If you have any questions about shipping hazardous materials with UPS, please call the UPS Hazardous Materials Support Center 1-800-554-9964.
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