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ORM-D - Ground Service

Effective January 1, 2021 the ORM-D classification will be obsolete per D.O.T. HM-215K

If the "Ground and Air Packaging Provisions Exceptions" column of the chemical table references a specific packaging exception, refer to that section of 49 CFR to determine if your material qualifies for the exception. If you do not meet all the conditions for that exception, you must prepare the material under the rules for a fully regulated hazardous material.

Using Chromic Acid Solution as an example, the DOT regulations allow this material to be shipped as a limited quantity if it meets the conditions of 49 CFR 173.154. Also, if the material meets the definition of a "consumer commodity" as stated in 49 CFR 171.8, the exception allows the material to be renamed "Consumer Commodity" and reclassed as ORM-D material.

In addition to the exceptions allowed for "Limited Quantities," shipments of ORM-D materials are not subject to the shipping paper requirements of subpart C of part 172 of 49 CFR unless the material meets the definition of a hazardous substance, a hazardous waste, or a marine pollutant or unless offered or intended for transportation by aircraft.

Since this example illustrates a shipment intended for ground transportation in the 48 contiguous States, the Shipping Paper and Shipper´s Certification are not required.


  • Ground shipments of ORM-D materials destined to or from Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and Catalina Island are no longer accepted effective January 1, 2011.
  • UPS accepts ORM-D ground shipments to Canada.

Even though your packaging need not be a UN performance package, it must meet the requirements of 49 CFR 173.24 and 49 CFR 173.24(a) and must be capable of meeting the ISTA Procedure 3A.

After December 31, 2020, the ORM-D classification will be obsolete per D.O.T. HM-215K

All ORM-D classifications (Consumer Commodity; Cartridges, small arms; and Cartridges power device) are being eliminated and may no longer be used after December 31, 2020.

To determine if your material is eligible for the Limited Quantity exceptions for Ground Service, go to:

Limited Quantity Exception - Ground Service

If you have any questions about shipping hazardous materials with UPS, please call the UPS Hazardous Materials Support Center at 1-800-554-9964.