On January 1, 2022, the National Customs Agency of Mexico (ANAM) came into operation as a decentralized administrative body of the Ministry of Finance and Public Credit (SHCP) replacing the General Customs Administration (AGA); which supposes a temporarily and indefinite transition period for their internal activities.
The National Customs Agency of Mexico will be endowed with technical, operational, administrative and management autonomy, it will have the character of a tax and Customs authority, in addition to having the power to issue resolutions within the scope of its competence. The creation of the Agency is given with the objective of continuing the strategy of the current administration in the fight against smuggling, the introduction of drugs and corruption.
The CFDI with Carta Porte Complement is a digital, fiscal document that is a new obligation of transport companies in Mexico since January 1, 2022, to issue that contains detailed information on the merchandise. The Mexican government will use this to verify the operations carried out by the participants in the transfer of merchandise. It´s the full obligation of the Carrier company to generate it properly.
In order to generate this document automatically, UPS will rely on technological tools that allow us to extract information directly from air waybills generated by customers; therefore, as of January 1, 2022, UPS Manual Waybills will no longer be available.
Given this change, in order to make shipments in the shortest possible time and without errors, customers must be kept informed, analyze their shipping history, upload documentation, etc. Our strategy is focused on helping your company to go digital through the use of tools such as Worldship or CampuShip. We recommend you take your precautions to avoid setbacks.
According to customs Legislation, customs authorities and Other Government Agencies (OGA) have the power to held shipments to review if they are in compliance with Mexican Legislation and to avoid illegal practices, such as drugs, piracy, undervaluation, etc. The shipments may remain at hold for an undefined period that can take from 1 to 4 weeks depending on the authoritys analysis, without the control of UPS
Any product could be subject to inspection, the main affected are: personal effects, products of difficult identification (such as liquids, powder, etc), food, clothing, among others.
NEW HTS CODES FOR MEXICO EFFECTIVE ON DECEMBER 28, 2020
These changes are the result of the implementation in Mexico of the sixth amendment to the Harmonized System, in accordance with the recommendations of the World Customs Organization (WCO)
The core change is the increase from 8 to 10 digits in the HTS codes for Mexico, which implies a reordering in all the HTS codes, grouping some HTS codes, deleting and creating others for the establishment of a more compact and functional Tariff (HTS), for which it is important to take into account the correlation tables for the current and new HTS codes available in this link, section "Base Unica RRNAs"
Regarding this change, it is important to note that the HTS code that is currently declared and must be declared as of December 28 in permits or regulations is in 8 digits, which for Mexico is known as "Fraccion Arancelaria", since the 10 digits that will be implemented from the date indicated is for statistical and tax purposes, not for regulations or permits.
These adjustments apply only when "UPS is not the customs broker":
1) IMPORT OPERATION.
UPS will deliver the shipment to the corresponding warehouse and collect the Proof of Delivery (POD).
The customs broker assigned by the client, must request the shipment in the corresponding warehouse to perform the release process. Upon delivery to your customs broker, UPS is not responsible for delivery or additional costs incurred.
The package is in the hands of your customs broker, so you can follow up directly with him.
1) EXPORT OPERATION.
The customs broker assigned by you must go to the corresponding warehouse.
Your customs broker must present these packages to the Mexican customs to carry out the customs clearance of exports.
Upon completion of the customs clearance for export at the Mexican Customs, the customs broker needs to return the packages to the UPS warehouse. In order for UPS to receive the packages, they must be delivered with export entry.
For us it is very important to help our customers to establish effective import and export strategies, if you want UPS also has a customs clearance service, which gives you visibility from start to finish, if you need more information do not hesitate to contact your executive of account or to 01 800 PIDE UPS.
Customs may send a notice to the consignee for verification of shipment details if the shipment is dutiable and requires door-to-door delivery.
This indicates the consignee must provide either a Value Declaration form (sent to consignee with the Aviso) or a revised invoice for the package to clear Customs.
Customs Clearance Formal Import Requirements
Prior to any formal import shipment
Consignee must register at the Mexican Ministry of Economics (S.A.T. = Servicio de Administracion Tributaria), in order to get their importer license.
Power of Attorney (POA)(Encargo conferido)
Consignee must register U.P.S. Broker licenses at Mexican Ministry of Economics via internet following these directions:
- "Padrones y encargos conferidos" link.
- "Inscripción Padron de importadores" link,
- "Encargo conferido" link,
- Get into the "contraseña de clave privada" F.E.A. (electronic signature)
- Wait for electronic authorization.
Letter Of Agreement (Carta Encomienda)
Consignee must send to UPS a "Carta Encomienda" form, one per port of entry, per broker license.
Every shipment must include: Commercial invoice in English, French or Spanish language, must include expedition date, Exporter and Importer name & address, full description of goods.
Packing list and certificate of origin if are available.
Note: Some shipments may require additional permits depending on the commodity:
- Household furniture authorization
- Health permit
- Defense ministry permit
- Authorization license to use registered trademarks
- Agricultural permit
- Animal husbandry permit
It the total value of the shipment is less than US$999.00, the shipment may be cleared through a consolidated formal entry (T1 pedimento) under UPS de Mexico as importer of record, (this kind of "pedimento" will not be tax deductible for the consignee/importer).
Restrictions for T1 Pedimento Clearance
Mexican Fiscal Miscellaneous and Regulations in General Matters for Foreign Trade for 2007 (D.O.F. the Mexican Official Federal Daily 18/03/2008) stated that:
All those merchandises which are difficult to be identified because they come in the shape of powder, liquids or gases and hence require physics and/or chemistry analyses to determine their composition, nature, origin, and other necessary features that are a must for customs tariffs purposes.
Therefore, Powder, Liquids or Gases which are difficult to be identified, must not be imported under the classification of Non Formal Entries (T1 Pedimento) or as samples, even if they have the MSDS, safety, or any other letter specifying the composition of the product, under the penalty of hold the merchandise, confiscate it, or even halt the WHOLE Import Permit process for Non Formal Entries (T1 Pedimento), or even recur to a PAMA (Customs Management Process), that includes the confiscation and legal action for the merchandise.
In order to clear shipments with this characteristics, the importer must use a formal entry, and in addition, the importer must provide any additional document and information required based on harmonized tariff code
Individual Import Permits can be made by request in the waybill, in compliance with all Law requirements.
f the value of the shipment is less than US$2500 UPS can be the IOR.
If the value of the shipment is US$2500 or more, the consignee will automatically be considered a regular importer and will be required to have an Import License and complete the following forms in Spanish:
Carta de Traduccion (translation letter)
Carta de Encomienda (letter of authorization for UPS broker agent and depends of the Brokerage team in the Port of entry)
If the consignee uses a UPS broker or any other Third Party Broker, all forms listed above are requested by customs. However, when using UPS Brokerage, the consignee does not pay higher fees due to transfer, handling, custody, transportation or warehouse. If a different broker is used, the forms must be completed and there will be higher broker fees. Goods that exceed US$2500 will be subject to tariff restrictions.
Below are limits for goods allowed to be imported by individuals without permit or other government agency
Mexico limits the quantity of the following commodities for import:
1. Clothes and accessories (including hats, socks and scarves: limit 10 pieces.
2. Computer equipment parts: limit 5 pieces of each type
3. Electric domestic items: limit 6 of each part
4. Fashion/custom jewelry: limit 20 pieces
5. Jewelry: limit 3 pieces
6. Motorcycle parts: limit 10 pieces
7. Records, cassettes or CD's: limit 20 pieces
8. Shoes: limit 10 pairs
9. Sporting goods: limit 1 piece
RFI's for shipments to Mexico:
If ITT will not accept the Mexico postal code (when issuing a RFI only) use the following postal codes: 01000 or 15000. These postal codes can be used for imports and exports. Please reference the correct Mexico postal code in the remarks section of the RFI screen to get the postal code added to the system.
Credit card payments are accepted upon delivery for freight and import charges by this destination. Contact UPS or the UPS service partner in the destination country or territory to determine which credit cards are accepted.
Restrictions may apply for freight collect shipments from the origin country or territory. Contact UPS or the UPS service partner in the origin country or territory prior to shipping.
UPS cannot deliver to a P.O. Box address. All packages require a consignee's contact name and complete street address including apartment, suite or unit number if applicable. The consignee's telephone number should be provided if known.
Mexican law dictates that any importing item which may be considered counterfeit trademark goods or pirated copyright goods, will be held by the Mexican competent authorities until the importer demonstrates the authenticity of such item.