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Germany to Estonia

Country or Territory Regulations Topics:

Import Documentation

A certificate of origin is not required for the import clearance of textiles.

The country or territory of origin must be stated on the invoice for each invoice line. If the customs authorities doubt the correctness of the declared country or territory of origin they may request an additional proof which might be a certificate of origin.

Declaration of Conformity (CE marking)
The European Community require certain standards on product safety for certain types of goods. The range of products covered by the directives must comply with the applicable directives when it is placed on the community market for the first time or put into use. Placing on the market in the meaning of the directives is the action of making a product available for the first time, either for payment or free of charge. 'Putting into service' takes place at the moment of first use within the Community by the end user (for example, produced for own use of the importer).

Range of products
The most important products are toys, in-vitro diagnostic medical devices, medical devices, machinery, low voltage equipment, safety devices (for example, helmets), exhaust systems and electromagnetic compatibility.For a full overview please see the EU website:

Manufacturers are defined as the persons responsible for designing and manufacturing products supposed to be placed on the EU market. The manufacturer has an obligation to ensure that a product intended to be placed on the Community market is designed and manufactured, and it's conformity assessed, to the essential requirements in accordance with the provisions of the directives. The manufacturer may appoint any natural or legal person, established in the European Union, to act on his behalf as an authorized representative.

The authorized representative may be addressed by the authorities of the member states in regard to the manufacturer's obligations.

The importer is defined as any legal or natural person responsible for placing products on the EU market. He is responsible to provide the market surveillance authority with the necessary information about the safety of the product and a copy of the Declaration of Conformity (DoC). If the manufacturer is established in the EU or has a so called authorized representative it is his obligation to provide the necessary information.

Conformity Assessment Procedure
Goods subject to the regulations on product safety need to be tested according to the rules applying for each group of products. Manufacturers have to draw up an EC declaration of conformity which is the first step of the conformity assessment procedure. The declaration of conformity has to include technical information containing the way of testing and the steps to be taken to obtain the attestation of conformity. The way of testing and steps to be taken depends on the type of product. If the testing was successful the producer is allowed to apply the so called 'CE sign' on the product or where this is not applicable (for example, surgical instruments) at the retail package or on a "Declaration of Conformity" certificate.

The "Declaration of Conformity" has to be issued by a notified body certified by a member state of the European Union.

Notified Body
A notified body is an organization certified by the national government to carry out the tasks of the conformity assessment procedures. They can offer their service to any economic operator inside and outside the European Community. They can carry out the tests or monitor the tests carried out by the manufacturer. They can carry out these activities inside the EU or on the territory of third countries or territories.

Information about notified bodies and notified bodies itself can be found on the EU website:

For additional information, please also refer to "Product Safety".

Customs may require an import license for certain products from certain countries or territories, depending on the harmonized tariff code.

The importer must obtain the import license. An original export license from the exporter of the country or territory of origin might be necessary to obtain the import license.

The requirement of an import license is dependent on the country or territory of origin of the goods not the country or territory of export. For further detailed information it is highly recommended to contact your chamber of commerce.

Goods under IATA Special Provisions A67 require a MSDS (Material Safety Data Sheet).

It is not required for all, however shipments can be held by local authority in United Arab Emirates after screening due to lack of MSDS (Material Safety Data Sheet) or NON DG (Dangerous Goods) declaration letter from the shipper resulting to misconnections and impacting end-to-end service.

It would be advisable for all shipments originating, transiting and terminating for UAE to have MSDS or NON DG declaration from shipper enclosed in the shipment and copies to be uploaded in IDIS.

Market Surveillance
Market Surveillance is organized and performed at national level. Each member state of the European Union (EU) is responsible for surveillance activities on its territory. Customs authorities are usually part of the market surveillance activities.

On customs request the "Declaration of Conformity" has to be provided by the shipper, the manufacturer or his assigned representative in the EU or the importer.

Declaration of Conformity
The Declaration of Conformity (DoC) is a document in which the manufacturer, or his authorized representative within the EU, indicates that the product meets all the necessary requirements of the directives applicable for the specific product. The DoC shall contain the name and the address of the manufacturer along with information about the product (for example, brand and serial number). The DoC must be signed by an individual working for the manufacturer or his authorized representative.

On request the manufacturer or his authorized representative within the EU must provide the DoC. In case the manufacturer is not an EU entity and has no authorized representative, the importer must be able to provide a copy of the DoC and additional proofs if requested.

National Requirements
For some commodities the conformity with the product safety regulations must be declared by the importer within the customs declaration. The DoC is required as a valid proof for the safety of the products and their compliance with the directives.

These commodities are everything with CE marking (no exceptions), like:

  • toys
  • electronic equipment
  • radio & telecommunication equipment
  • medical devices
  • sunglasses
  • chemical substances
  • measuring devices
  • pressure equipment
  • pyrotechnic articles

Spot checks are carried out. If no CE marking is found and no DOC can be provided, the shipments are either RTS'd or destroyed under customs control.

Customs procedure time is 3-20 days.

Export Documentation

No Information found on this topic for the selected country or territory.

Clearance Information

Shipments Between Countries or Territories of the European Union

No invoice and no customs clearance is needed if all goods are in free circulation. Goods subject to excise duty like alcoholic beverages and tobacco products are not in free circulation from a tax point of view. They can only be sent under a contract for International Special Commodities (ISC). The exporter is responsible to accompany the necessary documentation to the package and ensure the payment of excise duty in the destination country or territory prior to departure.

Goods not in free circulation within the EU, usually coming out of a bonded warehouse, must be accompanied by an invoice and a 'Transit Accompanying Document' (TAD). Goods not in free circulation can only be forwarded with express service levels. The shipper is responsible for marking the goods as 'not in free circulation' within the shipping software or on the air waybill.

Please note that not only the value(s) of the commodity/commodities have to be considered when calculating duty and tax, but also the freight charge and other fees.
UPS cannot deliver to a P.O. Box address. All packages require a consignee's contact name and complete street address including apartment, suite or unit number if applicable. The consignee's telephone number should be provided if known.

Areas Served

Service is provided to and from most addresses in the country or territory.
UPS cannot deliver to a P.O. Box address. All packages require a consignee's contact name and complete street address including apartment, suite or unit number if applicable. The consignee's telephone number should be provided if known.

Saturday, Sunday, and official holidays.
Spring +0300/ Fall +0200
European Monetary Unit (Euro)(EUR)

Billing Options

  • Shipping charges can be billed to the shipper, receiver or a third party.
  • When billing the receiver, either the shipper or receiver's account number is required.
  • When billing to a third party, the third party's name, country or territory and account number are required.
  • Duties and taxes can be billed to the shipper, receiver or a third party.
  • When billing a third party, the third party's name, country or territory and account number are required.
  • If the duties and taxes are billed to an account outside of the destination country or territory, a "Duty and Tax Forwarding" surcharge will be applied.
  • Please note the following third party billing exceptions:
    • Shipments to and from the same country or territory (domestic shipments) cannot be billed to third party payors in other countries or territories. For example, shipments from Mexico to Mexico or Canada to Canada cannot be billed to a third party payor in the U.S. This rule does not apply to UPS domestic services in European Union countries or territories. For example, shipments from Germany to Germany can be billed to a third party payor in the U.S. (as long as the payor is a business and has a VAT or Tax/EIN ID on file with UPS).
  • When paying by credit card, check, or cash, only the shipper can be billed the shipping charges
  • The freight and duties can be billed to the shipper or a third party
  • The taxes can be billed to the receiver or a third party
  • A surcharge will be applied for the SDV billing option

Commodity Specific Stipulations

There are special stipulations on the following commodities when shipping to Estonia. If you plan to ship one of the commodities listed below, be sure to adhere to the following stipulations in order to avoid delays and holds at customs.

Shipments of medicine to individuals may contain a maximum of 5 items.

Shipments of medicine to companies require a certificate from the Health Department.

Food, Beverages, Additives and Spices require inspection by veterinary control. The consignee must supply correct import paperwork to the Veterinary Department. If the weight of the shipment is more than 5 kgs, the consignee must pay 230 EEK for Veterinary Control.g 5 kg (11 lbs.) or more.

Based on the EU regulation 2009/669/EC certain foodstuffs (for example tea with origin China) imported from certain third countries or territories are subject to increased level of official controls due to contamination risks of these products by aflatoxinson and pathogens. These controls are carried out at Designated Point of Entries (DPE) defined by each member state.

The import of feed and food originating in or consigned from Japan following the accident at the Fukushima nuclear power station and not subject to vet inspection can only be imported into the EU through Designated Point of Entries (DPE). They must be accompanied by a declaration attesting that the goods are either harvested or processed before March 11, 2011, originated from a prefecture other than the ones affected by higher levels of radiation or if originated from an affected prefecture have been subjected to laboratory analysis determining the level of certain radionuclides (regulation 2011/297/EC).

The customs offices responsible for our import sites are not all defined as DPE. Commodities subject to import controls at a DPE can only be imported via UPS import ports where the responsible customs office is defined as DPE.

Data shipments to Estonia require an invoice with the value of the data and the value of the CD-ROM or disk.
Only 5 items of Medicine allowed for imort to private individuals. Shipments to Companies require Certificate from the Health Department.
Imports of Pharmaceutivals require a Certificate from the Health Department.
Radio and Radio Equipment shipments require permission from the Ministry of Communications.
Sample shipments require a full description of the goods on the invoice.
In order to avoid wrong customs declarations at import, it is mandatory that the exporter provide very detailed information about the shoes (for example, what kind of leather, what material used for soles and uppers, what kind of shoes (sport shoes, sandals, boots), who is to wear the shoes (children, women, men).
Most of modern test reagents for diagnostic research are built on antibodies which are generated from animal tissue. There are two types of antibodies, the monoclonal antibodies and polyclonal antibodies.

Monoclonal antibodies are generated in vitro. Tissue from animals are taken (e.g. blood) and infected with certain substances or pathogens. The blood cells react with the production of antibodies which are than harvested and used for the production of the test kits. Due to the in vitro production and the controlled way of production those types of test kits are not subject to veterinarian control if it is a commercial production.

Polyclonal antibodies are gained from living animals like rabbits. They are infected with the substances / pathogens and the animals are producing antibodies. The antibodies are harvested from the blood stream of the animals. Test reagents with polyclonal antibodies are subject to vet inspections.

Shipment documents (commercial invoice or declaration on letterhead) should include:

 the place of origin of the material

 the quantity of the material, in weight or volume

 a description of the material/ animal source

 catalogue number and price (if available)

 additives (e.g., sodium azide, glycerol), their source (e.g., whole serum, supernatant, ascites), and purification, if any.

 protocols  the recommended protocol or datasheet indicating any unique fixation, detergent, blocking, or incubation conditions.

 the intended use (commercial/ manufacturing; research/ testing)

 the name and address of the shipper

 the name and address of the receiver

Commercially packaged, ready-to-use In Vitro Diagnostics (IVD) containing products of animal of origin, do not require a Vet-inspection, if compliant with Directive 98/79/EC on In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices. A declaration of conformity (CE-marking) must be provided for each individual commodity (e.g. reagents, test kits, immunosorbent assays such as ELISA kits).

Sample textile shipments valued greater than 22.00 Euros must be damaged or mutilated. The invoice must include an exact description of the samples, indicate that the goods are marked or mutilated and write "samples of no commercial value". An export license is not required.
A certificate of origin is not required for the import clearance of textiles. The need of a certificate of origin for the import clearance was reversed on October 24, 2011.

The country or territory of origin must be stated on the invoice for each invoice line. If the customs authorities doubt the correctness of the declared country or territory of origin they may request an additional proof which might be a certificate of origin.

Gift Exemptions

45.00 European Monetary Unit (Euro) EUR
per shipment

Invoice Requirements

An invoice is not required for shipments between European Union Countries or Territories, as long as the goods are in free circulation. Goods not in free circulation are goods which originated outside the EU and have not yet cleared Customs inside the EU. These goods require a 'Transit Accompanying Document' (TAD) also know as T1 Document. The T1 status must be clearly indicated within the shipment data transferred to the UPS system or on the waybill.

For additional information please see 'Clearance Comments' in section 'Additional Clearance Comments'.

Goods that are transported from one EU member state to another via an EFTA (European Free Trade Association) member country or territory require a T2 Document and clearance.

UPS Paperless Invoice is available for small package exports from this country or territory.

Items Classified as Documents

The destination country or territory considers the following items as document shipments. If criteria are listed, the shipment must meet the criteria to be considered a document shipment.

Validated airline tickets only
Only for shareholders or for inter-company use
Only blueprints of no commercial value for a bid invitation, for example, architectural plans to obtain a contract inside the E.U. or for intercompany use.
Non-commercial brochures or brochures for inter-company use only
Document limit1 to 15 business cards.
Personalized checks only
Personalized credit cards to card owner only
Tickets for events like stage performances, football matches or concerts can be sent as documents to private individuals.

Event tickets coming from a printing company and sent to the organizer of the event or ticket sales offices can not be sent as documents.

Documents: personalized
Non-documents: not personalized; requires invoice.
Document: the number must be proportional to the purpose
Documents: negatives, slides, and printing films sent to press or publishing agencies
Non-documents:shipments where the value includes press or editorial charges; requires invoice
Document: inter-company shipments for inter-company use with no commercial value
Non-document: shipments from a publisher or printing company
Non-commercial purposes
Personalized stationery with no commercial value
Note: the quantity must be proportional to the con-commercial use
Must be personalized to be considered documents.

UPS can recommend which forms you need based on a few simple criteria. Forms can be completed online or printed. See which forms you need.

Prohibited or Restricted Commodities

In addition to the prohibited commodities listed here, it is prohibited to ship the following commodities to Estonia.

Alooholic beverages are subject to excise duty payments in the country or territory of consumption within the EU. The shipper is responsible to comply with the regulation on goods subject to excise duty. They have to provide the necessary accompanying documents showing that excise duty has been paid in the destination country or territory or that the payment of the excise duty has been guaranteed by him or his customer. Shipments send to business need to be accompanied by simplified accompanying documents. The business consignee has to present the documents to the responsible tax office to get them stamped after paying the excise duty of the country or territory of consumption. The stamped document serves as a proof to get the excise duty refunded the shipper paid in the country or territory of dispatch.

Shippers selling to private individuals (so called distance selling) are responsible for paying the excise duty of the country or territory of consumption prior to arrival or guarantee the payment via his fiscal representative in the country or territory of consumption. The shipper has to provide paperwork like a pro forma invoice or a transport document, proofing the tax registration of the shipper in the country or territory of consumption.

UPS offers the shipping of alcoholic beverages between EU countries or territories under a contract for International Special Commodities. The UPS service covers only the transportation. Accepted goods are all kinds of alcohol with less than 70% volume alcohol content and stored in bottles or other containers with a capacity of 5 litres or less. Alcoholic beverages coming from a bonded warehouse or a freezone which are not in free circulation within the EU are excluded from this service.

UPS offers the transport service for shipments between two EU countries or territories to all EU countries or territories excluding Finland & Sweden and any areas that are part of the EU customs area but not part of the EU common system of Value Added Tax (VAT).

The service is offered for domestic shipments within the following countries or territories: Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Spain and UK.

Alcoholic Beverages shipped under excise duty suspension regime are also transported but with further restrictions regarding the Geographical coverage. Shipments under excise duty suspension within or from Latvia and Malta are exempt from the service offer.

Antique shipments are restricted from Europe, the Middle East and Africa and can only be shipped with an International Special Commodities (ISC) contract. Antiques are defined as a work of art, piece of furniture, decorative object, or silverware that is 100 years old or older.
Artwork shipments are restricted from Europe, the Middle East and Africa and can only be shipped with an International Special Commodities (ISC) contract.

Paintings or other works of art can be accepted if the artist is still alive, the artwork is replaceable and an art dealer or gallery has appraised the artwork within the last year. If the declared value of the artwork is greater than $100.00 and there is a claim, the shipper must provide a copy of the original invoice, a bill of sale, or other proof certifying in writing the actual cost or replacement cost of the item.

Artwork includes the following: Original engravings, prints, lithographs, original sculptures, statuary.

The term "Artwork" does not apply to: architectural, engineering, industrial, topographical, commercial drawings, hand-painted or hand-decorated manufactured articles.

Endangered plants and animals protected by the multilateral treaty of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), must be accompanied by a valid CITES Certificate.

All import, export, re-export and introduction from the sea of species covered by the Convention has to be authorized through a licensing system.

Shipper needs to provide the following documentation:

Invoice with the scientific name and CITES certificate.

Additional charges will be applicable. Products of animals or plants subject to CITES can only be accepted under a special contract for International Special Commodities (ISC).

In addition to general guidelines under general restrictions to all countries or territories link, shipment of all vertebrates (Amphibians, Fish and Reptiles} are prohibited between the countries or territories selected.
Personal effects cannot be shipped between these countries or territories.
The importation into, or exportation from Estonia of any rough diamond is prohibited, from whatever source, unless the rough diamond has been controlled through the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS). Rough diamonds, which have become known as conflict diamonds, are defined as diamonds used by rebel movements to finance military action opposed to legitimate and internationally recognized governments.

The KPCS is a joint government internationally recognized certification system that imposes extensive requirements on its members to enable them to certify shipments of rough diamonds as conflict-free and prevent conflict diamonds from entering legitimate trade.

Saturday Delivery

Saturday Delivery Available: No

Service Options

Always check Calculate Time and Cost for details of service availability and guarantee information within a country or territory. All Service Levels may not be available to or from every address within a country or territory.

  • UPS EU Express
  • UPS EU Express Saver
  • UPS EU Standard

Special Clearance Requirements

Customs requires an Outward Processing Document and an invoice (Proforma or commercial) from the importer to clear the shipment of repaired goods. The invoice must include both the value of the commodity before repair and the cost of repair. It must also list the type of repair (for example warranty repair or repair against costs).
New requirements have been implemented for small package shipments and are based on the International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPM) 15, which is entitled "Guidelines for Regulating Wood Packaging Material in International Trade". ISPM 15 was adopted internationally in 2002, and is gradually being introduced by countries or territories worldwide. Wood or wood products covered by ISPM 15 include items such as packing cases, boxes, crates, drums or similar packing, pallets, box pallets and other load boards, pallet collars and skids, but exclude such processed woods as orientated strand board, particle board, plywood or veneer, created using glue, heat and pressure or a combinations thereof, and, raw wood which is 6mm or less thick. It is recommended that if a question arises on this issue, please check with the authority that issues the Phytosanitary certificates in your country or territory.
The European Union implemented a directive restricting the use of certain hazardous substances in all Electronic & Electrical Equipment effective July 1, 2006. This directive is called the RoHS Directive (2005/618/EC), which stands for the Restriction of the use of certain Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Equipment.

The RoHS directive is closely linked with the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive (WEEE) 2002/96/EC which sets collection, recycling and recovery targets for electrical goods.

These directives will ban the placing on the EU market of new electrical and electronic equipment containing more than agreed levels of lead, cadmium, mercury, hexavalent chromium, polybrominated biphenyl (PBB) and polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) (PBB and PBDE are flame retardants used in some plastics).

Manufacturers (and distributors and individual sellers) will need to understand the requirements of the RoHS/WEEE Directives to ensure that their products, and their components, comply. Goods falling under these categories do not require any accompanying documentation for importation.

For more information on the EU directives, please check the following European Union web link or contact your local chamber of commerce:

Value Limits

Private Shipments

  • 22.00 European Monetary Unit (Euro) (EUR)
    • In most cases, when the value of the shipment is equal to or less than the Deminimis Value, the shipment may enter the country or territory duty and tax free. This regulation does not apply to alcoholic beverages, tobacco and perfume.
    Commercial Shipments

  • 22.00 European Monetary Unit (Euro) (EUR)
    • In most cases, when the value of the shipment is equal to or less than the Deminimis Value, the shipment may enter the country or territory duty and tax free. This regulation does not apply to alcoholic beverages, tobacco and perfume.

    Weight and Size Limits

    70 kg (150 lbs.) per package
    274.00 cm (107.9 in.)  per package
    400.00 cm (157.5 in.)  per package
    Length and girth combined

    Convert metric quantity for weight, length, and area.

    NOTE: Information provided by UPS is provided AS IS, may not be current, and does not constitute legal advice. In no event shall UPS be liable for any errors in the information, forms or features made available by UPS, or by any third party site linked to from UPS. Selection and completion of proper forms for any given shipment is the sole responsibility of the shipper. All shipments are subject to the UPS Terms and Conditions of Service in effect at the time of shipping for the country or territory of origin.
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