|UPS accepts hazardous materials on a contract basis only. UPS accepts non-bulk
quantities of hazardous materials shipments for transport by "highway and rail"
or "air" modes when prepared in accordance with the Department of Transportation
Hazardous Materials Regulations (HMR) or as appropriate, regulations promulgated
by International Civil Aviation Association (ICAO) and International Air
Transport Association (IATA). "Air modes include UPS Next Day Air, UPS 2nd Day
Air, UPS 3 Select, and all shipments to Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico and Catalina
Island. This UPS Guide for Shipping Ground and Air Hazardous Materials should
always be used in conjunction with the most current HMR as documented in Title
49 of the Code of Federal Regulations (49 CFR) and in the most current versions
of regulations promulgated by ICAO and IATA.
You, as the shipper, may
ship specific hazardous materials in specific quantities as outlined in the UPS
Hazardous Material chemical tables as long as you fully comply with all
governmental regulations and UPS variations. These UPS chemical tables are
posted quarterly and reflect updates to specific chemicals.
In some cases, UPS requirements are more restrictive than those of
the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT). UPS "conditions incident to
transportation" differ from those of other systems due to our unique method for
sorting, handling, and moving packages. UPS only accepts hazardous materials
shipments from customers that follow these variations.
UPS transports hazardous materials only within and between the 50 United
States and Puerto Rico. For information regarding shipping dangerous goods
beyond the United States and Puerto Rico, please refer to the UPS Guide for
Shipping International Dangerous Goods. Hazardous Materials Contract Service is
available for customers with a Scheduled pickup account. Scheduled pickup
service includes Daily Pickup, Daily On-Route Pickup, Day-Specific Pickup and
UPS Smart Pickup®. You, as the shipper, must complete all
requirements for the hazardous materials shipment before pickup. Contact your
local UPS Business Development Department for qualification and approval
information. UPS does not accept hazardous materials shipments at UPS Customer
Centers, The UPS Store®, Air Letter Centers, Authorized Shipping
Outlets, commercial counters, or using Internet shipping. Ground shipments of
ORM-D materials in the 48 contiguous States may be accepted at some
The hazardous materials service handling charge applies to all hazardous
materials / dangerous goods packages that require a shipping paper or Shipper's
Declaration for Dangerous Goods.
Time-in-transit guarantees do not apply to hazardous materials packages that
are delayed due to causes beyond the carrier's control or acts of God. Further,
no guarantee applies to hazardous materials packages that are improperly offered
|UPS Carrier Variations
|Shipments of lithium batteries in any UPS air services (including UPS
Small Package, UPS Air Freight services or UPS Air Cargo services) which
requires the use of IATA Special Provision A88, A99, A183 or 49 CFR
Special Provision A54 and or being transported under a Competent Authority
approval issued by the appropriate national authority of the State of Origin,
must receive prior approval from the UPS Air Dangerous Goods Department,
Effective January 1, 2016, shipments of UN 3171,
Battery-powered vehicle, will only be accepted under the following
- Passenger aircraft quantities only, not accepted as CAO.
- Shipment is limited to a maximum gross weight of 30kg.
- Vehicle containing lithium battery or batteries therein that would
separately be classified as UN 3480 or UN 3090. The battery contained in the
vehicle is limited to 5kg maximum net weight.
- For shipments of UN3171 powered by lithium batteries, UPS requires the
additional marking, "Contains Lithium Batteries." The marking must meet the
requirements as stated in 49 CFR 172.301(a)(1) and be near the proper shipping
- Vehicle containing a wet, non-spillable battery or batteries therein
that would separately be classified as UN 2800. The battery contained in the
vehicle is limited to 25kg maximum net weight.
Shipments of UN3171, Battery-powered vehicle, containing defective or
damaged batteries are not accepted by UPS.
Effective July 1, 2015 UPS will only accept for air transportation, UN3090
Lithium Metal Batteries or Cells from approved shippers. To learn how to apply
for approval, visit
In addition to the approval, UPS requires the Cargo Aircraft Only (CAO) Handling
Label on all air shipments of UN3090 Lithium Metal Batteries or Cells.
All hazardous materials shippers must process their shipments using a UPS
compliant shipping solution in conjunction with hazardous materials shipment
preparation software. You may utilize the current version of UPS provided
WorldShip in order to be compliant with existing regulatory requirements, or
purchase approved Third-party software. Customers who do not comply with
regulations or UPS variations may no longer be able to ship hazardous
materials packages via UPS.
UPS will not accept recycled UN3268 materials in
the small parcel Air system.
Class 5.2 hazardous materials (Organic
Peroxides) are not accepted in any UPS Air Service. This applies to primary and
Hazardous materials shipments authorized for strong outer packaging that
require a shipping paper must be in outer packages at the following minimum
levels (overpacks are excluded from this requirement):
- All packages must meet the requirements of International Safe Transit
Association (ISTA) Procedure 3A testing.
- Packages must be in a minimum 200 lbs. Burst Strength or 32 Edge Crush Test
(ECT) certified box. The box must also be of sufficient strength to protect the
contents while in transit.
- Any non-specification package that displays the ISTA seal indicating the
package has been tested and certified to ISTA Procedure 3A is not subject to the
minimum ECT or burst strength requirements.
With the exception of shipments containing dry ice, hazardous materials
packages must not exceed 70 lbs. gross weight. Lower limits apply to certain
UPS does not accept certain hazardous materials in its Ground or Air
Services. See the chemical table for details.
UPS will not accept the use of a "TOXIC" or "POISON" label on packages
containing Division 6.1, Packing Group III materials. We require the use of a
Division 6.1 label with "PG III" on the label and no other text.
UPS may restrict specific hazardous materials to a defined maximum outer
package or inner receptacle capacity.
UPS accepts "Passenger Aircraft" quantities" (PAX) of hazardous materials and
"Cargo Aircraft Only" (CAO) quantities offered for transport in UPS Air Services
(refer to the most recent copy of the UPS Chemical Tables for additional
requirements). This applies to the UPS small package network and excludes UPS
Worldwide Express Freight (WWEF). All air shipments of Classes 4, 5.1 and
8 packing group (PG) III must be in packaging tested to PG II when they are in
The DOT´s exceptions for combustible liquids do not apply for any air
shipments in the UPS system.
UPS does not permit the use of the exception (49 CFR 173.308) for cigarette
lighters or similar devices. To be transported in the UPS system, these devices
must be fully declared. They require shipping papers, proper packaging, marking,
UPS does not permit "Limited Quantity" exceptions to be used for PG I
hazardous materials or materials required to be in "Special
Permit" packaging or 173.13.
UPS requires shippers to affix an authorized UPS Shipping Paper or Shipper's
Declaration (3 copies of the DG Dec required per package for
domestic IATA shipments) to each hazardous material package and to complete an
entry in the UPS Shipper's Certification of Hazardous Materials for each
package. A hard copy of the Shipper's Certification must still be given to the
UPS driver, even though you electronically submitted the data to UPS.
UPS requires that all packages, including hazardous materials, be capable of
meeting the requirements of the ISTA Procedure 3A testing protocol, as well as
the applicable specification and performance requirements of 49 CFR parts 173
and 178 or IATA Section 5.
UPS requires the proper shipping name and identification number (if one is
assigned) be marked on all packages containing hazardous materials.
Hazardous materials may not be shipped in UPS-provided packaging, such as
Letters, Paks (with the exception of Laboratory Paks), and Tubes.
UPS accepts only non-bulk packaging of hazardous materials not exceeding the
manufacturer's specifications on the packaging.
Packages must not be banded, taped or strapped together.
Shippers must comply with DOT requirements for performance-oriented packaging
unless a specific exception in the DOT rules applies.
The following UPS
limitations apply to shipments of hazardous materials offered in single
- For Ground Service, single packaging may be offered in the 48 contiguous
- For shipments at an Air Service level, single packaging may be offered where
authorized as Cargo Aircraft Only.
- Single packaging prepared for 'Passenger and Cargo Aircraft' is not
- Bags and other single packaging constructed of light gauge metal will not be
- Cylinders must be enclosed in rigid outer packaging to protect operating
- Additional handling charges may apply.
- Orientation arrows are not required on single packaging.
UPS requires the use of DOT special permit or 173.13 packaging for many
- All fully regulated Ground or Air shipments assigned to Division 6.1, PG I
- All fully regulated Ground or Air shipments of Division 4.3
Ground Limited Quantity shipments of Division 6.1 will not be accepted
with a PG I or II, "TOXIC" or "POISON" hazard label. Ground Limited Quantity
shipments of Division 4.3 will not be accepted with the "DANGEROUS WHEN WET"
hazard label. See the UPS Chemical Table for specific materials. A copy of the
DOT special permit paperwork must be placed in a re-sealable pouch on the
package(s). UPS does not allow special permit packaging to be overpacked and
overcartoned. Air and ground shipments of Division 6.1, PG III need to show the
letters "PG III" on or next to the diamond hazard label.
non-specification package that displays the ISTA seal indicating the package has
been tested and certified to ISTA Procedure 1A is not subject to the minimum ECT
or burst strength requirements.
|Ground Service for Hazardous Materials, including ORM-D, Limited Quantity, combustible materials and Lithium Batteries (Fully and Lightly Regulated), is not available for shipments to or from the following areas: Alaska; Hawaii; Puerto Rico; Avalon, CA; Catalina Island, CA; Beaver Island, MI; Mackinac Island, MI (winter only); The Bass Islands, OH; Kelley's Island, OH; and San Juan Islands, WA.
|UPS Ground service is available for shipping hazardous materials, including ORM-D and Limited Quantity shipments (prepared under HM-215K), within the contiguous U.S.
|Air Hazardous Materials Service
|"Air" modes include UPS Next Day Air, UPS 2nd Day Air, and UPS 3 Day Select. UPS Air Hazardous Materials Services provide delivery of hazardous materials in passenger aircraft (PAX) quantities and cargo aircraft only (CAO) quantities to every address in the 48 contiguous states, Alaska, metropolitan areas of Hawaii, and Puerto Rico in both UPS Next Day Air and UPS 2nd Day Air Service. Pickup service is restricted in some areas of Alaska. Refer to the following table for more detail. Refer to the current UPS Chemical Table for additional requirements.
|Pickup service is also restricted in some areas of Hawaii. Refer to the following table for more detail.