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New Requirements
New Regulatory Requirements

Regulations for Shipping Lithium Metal Batteries by Air Have Changed

International regulations applicable to air shipments of lithium metal batteries have changed. Compliance with the new regulations becomes mandatory January 1, 2015.

The regulations, published by the International Air Transport Association (IATA), prohibit transport of lithium metal batteries (shipped without equipment) on passenger aircraft.

As a result, UPS will limit transport of these shipments to within its International Dangerous Goods (IDG) network.

Visit the link below to see which origins and destinations are authorized for IDG:
UPS Approved Countries (English only)
Harmonization with International Standards; Class 9 label amendment - Docket HM-218F

In an attempt to harmonize and align with international standards, the DOT has amended the 49CFR regulations regarding the Class 9 diamond label. Effective October 1, 2014 with the publication of the HM-218F final rule, the Class 9 diamond label is changing.

CLASS 9 label without black horizontal must be used beginning October 1, 2014.
CLASS 9 without black horizontal line before October 1, 2014


CLASS 9 label with black horizontal line before October 1, 2014.
CLASS 9 with black horizontal line before October 1, 2014


DOT-SP 9275 Update:

On March 18, 2014, PHMSA published Final Rule HM233-C. Included in this rulemaking is language {49CFR 173.150 (g)}, which integrates DOT Special Permit 9275 into the regulations. With this change, shippers are no longer required to request party status to use this Special Permit to ship small quantities of products containing ethyl alcohol. The new rule authorizes transportation of liquids and solids containing ethyl alcohol and exempts them from the provisions of the HMR, including the requirement to mark the package "contains ethyl alcohol".

This rule applies to limited quantities of retail products containing not more than 70% of ethyl alcohol not exceeding 8 fluid ounces in glass inner containers and not exceeding 16 fluid ounces for non-glass inner containers. Packages containing inner packagings exceeding these quantities (up to 1 gallon) shipped under this section require the marking "contains ethyl alcohol" on the outer packaging. For transportation by aircraft no outer package is permitted which contains inner packaging exceeding 16oz liquid or 1 pound solid.

This rule became effective April 17, 2014.

Harmonization with International Standards; Seeks Further Input on Domestic Transport of Lithium Batteries - Docket HM-215L

HM-215L states - the quantity limit for these entries should be based on the weight of the battery or batteries and not the weight of the battery or batteries plus the packaging (i.e., the package). A 49CFR shipping paper no longer requires, nor should it show a "G" for gross as of January 1, 2014 for the following materials.
  • UN3028 Batteries, dry, containing potassium hydroxide solid, electric, storage
  • UN2794 Batteries, wet, filled with acid, electric storage
  • UN2795 Batteries, wet, filled with alkali, electric storage
  • UN3468 Hydrogen in a metal hydride storage system or Hydrogen in a metal hydride storage system contained in equipment or Hydrogen in a metal hydride storage system packed with equipment
  • UN3090 Lithium battery
  • UN3091 Lithium batteries packed with equipment

172.301 General marking requirements for non-bulk packagings.

(a) Proper shipping name and identification number.
(1) Except as otherwise provided by this subchapter, each person who offers a hazardous material for transportation in a non-bulk packaging must mark the package with the proper shipping name and identification number(preceded by "UN", "NA" or "ID", as appropriate) for the material as shown in the 172.101 Hazardous Material Table. The identification number marking preceded by "UN", "NA" or "ID" as appropriate must be marked in characters at least 12mm (0.47 inches) high. Packages with a maximum capacity of 30 liters (8 gallons) or less, 30 kg (66 pounds) maximum net mass, or cylinders with water capacity of 60 liters (16 gallons) or less must be marked with characters at least 6mm (0.24 inches) high. Packages with a maximum capacity of 5 liters (1.32 gallons) or 5 kg (11 pounds) or less must be marked in a size appropriate for the size of the package.
(i) Transitional exception. For domestic transportation, until January 1, 2017, the identification number markings are not subject to the minimum size requirements specified in paragraph this (a)(1).

Lighters - Docket HM - 237

Effective January 1, 2012, all shipping papers and packages containing Lighters must bear an approval number beginning with the prefix "LAA-" indicating compliance with HM - 237.  Shipping papers showing approval numbers beginning with the prefix "T" will no longer be accepted as these previously issued approvals are no longer valid.

As a reminder, UPS does not permit the use of the exception (49 CFR 173.308) for cigarette lighters or similar devices. To be transported in the UPS system, these devices must be fully declared. They require shipping papers, proper packaging, marking, and labeling.

Elimination of ORM-D Classification

In an attempt to harmonize and align with international standards, the DOT has amended the 49CFR regulations regarding the ORM-D classification. Effective January 19, 2011, with the publication of the HM-215K final rule, the hazard class of ORM-D is being eliminated.  Those materials may still be shipped classified as a limited quantity (ltd qty). In conjunction with ORM-D hazard class elimination in HM-215K, limited quantity ground shipments will no longer require shipping papers when prepared under the new rule.  This includes those materials previously classed as ltd qty that required shipping papers via ground transport. 

There is a transition period for shippers to comply with the new classification, marking and labeling requirements. Until December 31, 2020 a limited quantity package containing a consumer commodity as defined in 171.8 may be reclassed as ORM-D, or until December 31, 2012 for ORM-D-Air material. UPS began accepting materials with the new markings effective April 1, 2011. See examples of the new ground and air limited quantity markings below that will be replacing the ORM-D and ORM-D-Air markings.  
Marcado para cant ltda aƩrea

Air ltd qty marking

Marcado para cant ltda terrestre

Ground ltd qty marking

It is the shipper's responsibility to know the regulations, and to properly classify, package, label, and mark their hazmat shipments.

*Note: To be in compliance with TDG, Standard (ground) Ltd Qty shipments to Canada prepared under HM-215K require the verbiage 'Limited quantity' or 'Ltd qty' to also be marked on the carton.
If you have any questions about shipping hazardous materials with UPS, please call the Hazardous Materials Support Center at 1-800-554-9964.

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