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Glossary
This glossary identifies some commonly used shipping terms and is provided only for the convenience of UPS shippers. For a complete and detailed description of these terms, please refer to the UPS Terms and Conditions of Service, the UPS Rate and Service Guide, and the UPS Tariff.


# | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | L | M | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | Z
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1 UPS Pickup Attempt: Allows the original shipper to request one pickup attempt for the return of a UPS-compatible package. It is available through our WorldShip service, or through an UPS OnLine Compatible shipping system.
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1Z GroundTrac Label: A customized label used by customers of UPS GroundTrac Service that has the customer's shipper number encoded in the bar code.
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1Z Hundredweight Label: A customized label used by customers of UPS Hundredweight Service that has the customer's shipper number encoded in the bar code.
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3 UPS Pickup Attempts: Allows the customer to request three pickup attempts for the return of a UPS-compatible package. It is available through UPS OnLine WorldShip or a UPS OnLine Compatible shipping system.
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49 CFR: Title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) contains the Hazardous Materials Regulations (HMR) for shipping materials of a hazardous nature.
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A
Access Key: A special code that must accompany every request sent to the UPS Developer Kit server. If the Access Key is valid for the requested Application Programming Interface (API), and your User ID/Password is correct, the requested service will be processed.
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Accessorial Charge: An extra charge, such as a destination charge or a fee for handling hazardous materials, that may apply to certain shipments. Also referred to as value-added service charges, these are extra services you can add to your shipping selection to meet a complete range of shipping needs. All value-added services are not available in all locations.
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Address Correction: If UPS is unable to deliver any package as addressed by the shipper, or if the package has an incorrect or incomplete address, UPS will determine and make reasonable efforts, to be determined in its sole discretion, to secure the correct or complete address. An address validated by UPS may be incorrect or incomplete for purposes of completing delivery and may be corrected by UPS. If the correct or complete address is secured, UPS, at its sole discretion, will attempt delivery, the shipper will be provided with the correct or complete address, and an additional charge will be assessed.
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AESDirect: The U.S. Census Bureau's free, Internet-based system for filing Shipper's Export Declaration (SED) information to the U.S. Customs and Border Protection's Automated Export System (AES). The electronic alternative to filing a paper SED, AESDirect can be used by U.S. Principal Parties in Interest (USPPIs), forwarders, or anyone else responsible for export reporting.
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AES Transaction Number: An Automated Export System (AES) Transaction Number uniquely identifies an export shipment. Generated by AES Direct, this number combines the Exporter Identification Number (EIN) and the Export Reference Number (ERN).
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Air Shipping Document: The Air Shipping Document (ASD) is a three-part form used to ship air packages. The ASD contains your address label, tracking label, and shipping record. It allows you to choose between several payment options, including a bank check, major payment card (for example a debit or credit card, where applicable), or a UPS-issued billing information number. A red ASD is used for UPS Next Day Air shipments and UPS Worldwide Express shipments. A blue ASD is used for UPS 2nd Day Air shipments.

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Air Waybill: A required shipping document that provides shipment details including destination, shipper, and type of delivery service and is part of the shipping contract.
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Authorized Return Service: Authorized Return Service (ARS) provides for the easy return of UPS-compatible packages. Preprinted return labels are provided to the shipper by UPS. Simply include the label with an outbound shipment or distribute separately to customers.
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Automated Export Reporting Program: The Automated Export Reporting Program (AERP) was the export declaration system used by U.S. Customs and Border Protection until 1999. It has since been replaced by the Automated Export System (AES).
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Automated Export System: The Automated Export System (AES) allows you to file your Shipper's Export Declaration (SED) information electronically with U.S. Customs and Border Protection.
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B
Backhaul: The return trip of a transportation asset. The key to improving backhaul expenses is to fill the truck with the same amount of inventory on its return trip as it had on the original trip.
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Bank Freight Payment Plan: A billing option that allows your bank to send a payment directly to UPS, along with a statement detailing the charges it has remitted for you.
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C
Calculate Time and Cost: A Web-based application that allows you to compare shipping charges and delivery times for domestic and international UPS services.
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Certificate of Origin: A document required for a package to clear customs in some countries. Some nations restrict imports from certain countries. Many countries limit the quantity of goods that are allowed to be imported, or give preference to goods manufactured in the United States. Contact your Customer Service Center to determine if your shipment requires a Certificate of Origin.
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Chainlink: Another name for the ConnectShip Toolkit, a complete application suite for automating multi-carrier shipment processing. Chainlink enables shipping tools to perform rating, routing, and shipping functions such as printing carrier-approved shipping labels, manifests, and bills of lading.
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Claim: A written request by a shipper to be compensated for loss or damage to a package transported via UPS. For specific filing requirements, refer to the UPS Tariff Items 505, 510 and 520 (U.S.) and outside the U.S. refer to your country's UPS Terms and Conditions of Service and the UPS Rate and Service Guide.
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Claim Notification Letter: After a shipper files a claim with UPS, the shipper will receive a Claim Notification Letter from UPS assigning a claim number, identifying the package(s) at issue by shipper number, pickup date, tracking number, etc., and informing the shipper of the status of the package(s).
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Client/Matter Code: A billing reference number used to identify a UPS CampusShipTM user's specific client, case, or business matter account.
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Commercial Invoice: A document supplied by the shipper that provides information about the shipment, including a description of the goods, the value of the goods, and shipper information. A commercial invoice is a part of export and import documentation and may be used by customs authorities to assess applicable taxes and duties.
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Commercial Value: A monetary assessment of fabricated goods used to determine duty on international shipments. This assessment takes into consideration factors including manufacturing costs, packaging, shipping, overhead, and profit margin.
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Commodity Classifications: Itemized listings that detail which commodities may legally travel through customs in different countries. Commodity Classifications are also used to determine the amount of duty and tax payable on importation.
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Continuous Entry Bond: A one-year bond for all entries made in a single year, with coverage up to US $50,000 (or the equivalent in local currency). A continuous entry bond is only required in certain circumstances.
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Cost and Freight: A billing option for international shipments in which the shipper pays the transportation charges to the port of import and the recipient pays the balance.
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Cost Code: A billing reference number used to identify a UPS CampusShipTM user's specific cost center account.
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D
Day-definite Delivery: A guarantee to deliver a package sent via UPS Air or Ground service by a certain date. Refer to the UPS Service Guarantee in the UPS Terms and Conditions for details. The applicability of this term, or the availability of the referenced service, may vary according to the country of origin and country of destination.
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Debit EFT: Also known as Electronic Funds Transfer, this free service allows UPS to electronically debit UPS bill payments from your bank account on a weekly basis.
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Declarations: See Export Declarations.
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Declared Value: The amount in U.S. dollars for which a U.S.-origin domestic package or international shipment is protected against loss or damage. UPS automatically protects each domestic package and international shipment against loss or damage up to a value of US$100 (or the equivalent in local currency) without a declaration of value. Shippers may declare a value for amounts in excess of US$100 by showing a value in excess of $100 in the declared value field of the UPS source document, or the UPS shipping system used, and paying an additional charge. The applicability of this term, or the availability of the referenced service, may vary according to the country of origin and country of destination. For non-U.S.-origin shipment protection, please refer to the Terms and Conditions of the origin country. 
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Delivered Duty Paid: In this situation, the shipper pays both shipping charges and duty taxes on international shipments.
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Delivery Confirmation: UPS will provide you with evidence of delivery in your choice of these options:

  • Delivery Confirmation: UPS will provide confirmation of delivery without the recipient's signature.
  • Signature Required: UPS will obtain the recipient's signature and provide you with a printed copy. You may also view the recipient's signature online.
  • Adult Signature Required: UPS will obtain the adult recipient's signature and provide you with a printed copy. You may also view the adult recipient's signature online.

Note: Adult recipients must have reached the legal age of adulthood in the receiving country. Higher age limits may apply where the legal age of adulthood is less than 21 years of age.

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Delivery Information Acquisition Device: Enables our drivers to record delivery information electronically at the point of delivery and immediately upload it to the UPS mainframe.
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Detail ID: A Detail ID is used by Landed Cost and Import Compliance to help refine and improve the accuracy of the TradeAbilityTM service results. The Detail ID provides expanded information to TradeAbility beyond the tariff codes identified in the Harmonized System. A Detail ID should not be reported on official shipping documents as part of the tariff code.
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Developer's Key: Once you are licensed to use UPS OnLine Tools, you will be given a Developer's Key. This special key code will allow access to documentation for and about the tools.
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Drop Ship: A shipment pursuant to a written agreement between UPS and a specific shipper that permits the shipper to tender quantities of individual packages directly to UPS at a pre-approved designated location. A unique Drop Shipper account number will be assigned, which the shipper uses solely for the origin and destination locations specified in the Drop Ship Letter of Understanding.
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Duty--Ad Valorem: A tax imposed on imported merchandise based on a percentage of the value.
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Duty--Compound: A tax imposed on imported merchandise based on a percentage of value as well as the net weight or number of pieces.
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Duty Drawbacks: An import and export incentive provided by customs agencies in which a portion of the duty tax is refunded.
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Duty--Specific: A tax imposed on imported merchandise based on the net weight or number of pieces only.
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E
Electronic Return Label: A printable return label that can be generated and e-mailed to your customers using UPS OnLine WorldShip. UPS OnLine Worldship is a Web-based shipping and tracking application that allows you to manage all of your shipping activities right from your desktop computer.
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E-mail Ship Notification: A free service that allows you to notify multiple parties via e-mail about the details of a shipment that you have requested, including the package tracking information.
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Exception: An exception occurs when a package or shipment encounters an unforeseen event, which could result in a change to the expected delivery day.

 
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Export Control Classification Number: Identifies controlled items that appear on the Commerce Control List. When commodities are exported from the United States, each item must be classified to determine if an export license is required from any U.S. Government agency. The Commerce Control List is composed of any items which are designated as controlled.
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Export Declarations: A list of items you are shipping internationally. Created for customs, this information is contained on the forms for export prepared before shipment commences.
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Export Documents: All documentation that must be completed for an international shipment, including the invoice, the Shipper's Export Declaration, export license, etc., as required by customs in the importing and exporting countries.
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Export License: A document issued by the government of the shipper's export country which permits the licensee to participate in the export of designated goods to certain destinations. The Export License must accompany the Application for Import Permit.
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Export Reference Number: The Export Reference Number (ERN) is generated by UPS Internet Shipping for use when filing a Shipper's Export Declaration.
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Export Shipment Control Sticker: The Export Shipment Control Sticker (ESC) is placed on all export packages to Canada (ground) and Puerto Rico except UPS Next Day Air Letters. These stickers identify multiple-package shipments for consolidation. The weight of each package and the number of the packages in the shipment are recorded.
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Extended Area Surcharge: A charge applied for delivery to or collection from an area that falls outside of the normal UPS service area (domestic and international services).
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F
Flexible Parcel Insurance: Offers coverage for items ineligible for standard carrier liability programs such as event tickets and negotiable instruments. Flexible Parcel Insurance also enables you to insure for values greater than the actual value of the item you are shipping.
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Forwarding Agent: The person in the United States who is authorized by a principal party in interest to perform the services required to facilitate the export of items from the United States. This may include air couriers or carriers.
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Free on Board: Free on Board (FOB) is a billing option for international shipments in which the shipper pays the shipping charges to the port of export and the recipient pays the balance. FOB is offered to UPS customers shipping packages by means of UPS Worldwide ExpressSM, UPS Worldwide Express PlusSM, and UPS Worldwide ExpeditedSM services. This payment plan is also called freight collect in the freight industry.
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G
Girth: Girth is defined as the width (rounded to the nearest inch) times two, plus the height (rounded to the nearest inch) times two, measured perpendicular to the length of an item.
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H
Hundredweight Shipping Document: The Hundredweight Shipping Document (HSD) is required paperwork for shipping multiple package shipments totaling 200 pounds or more going to a single recipient when not using a shipping system like WorldShip or CampusShip.
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I
Inbound and Delivery Notification: The most complete service offered through Quantum ViewTM Data, Inbound and Delivery Notification provides complete manifest information and closed-loop proof for shipments you receive, including:

  • Forecasted delivery dates for inbound shipments, including scheduled day of delivery
  • Exception updates that could potentially change delivery dates
  • Ship date
  • Forecasted rescheduled day of delivery if necessary
  • Shipped from and shipped to address information
  • Location ID
  • Delivery information about shipments shipped to and received at your Location ID, including delivery date and time
  • C.O.D. amount
  • References
  • Full delivery address

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Inbound Notification: One of two services offered through Quantum View InboundTM. Inbound Notification provides complete manifest information including:

  • Forecasted delivery dates for inbound packages, including scheduled day of delivery
  • Exception updates that could potentially change delivery dates
  • Ship date
  • Forecasted rescheduled day of delivery if necessary
  • Shipped from and shipped to address information
  • Location ID

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Inter-Island Air: Offers next-business-day service for priority shipments sent from one address in Hawaii to another address in Hawaii.
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International Customer Service Center: Responds to questions regarding International Shipments originating from the U.S. and Import Shipments to the U.S. You can call 1-800-782-7892 to contact the International Customer Service Center.
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International Shipments Processing System: International Shipments Processing System (ISPS) is a comprehensive information management and control system that supports UPS package delivery services worldwide. ISPS addresses the primary business functions of international shipping and provides a direct electronic link to customs.
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In-Transit Bond: A bond that allows a shipment to be transported or warehoused under U.S. Customs and Border Protection supervision until it is formally entered into the customs territory of the United States and duty is paid, or until it is exported from the United States.
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L
Large Package: The designation for a UPS package whose length plus girth [(2 x width) + (2 x height)] combined exceeds 130 inches (330cm), but does not exceed the maximum UPS size of 165 inches (419cm).
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Large Package Surcharge: A Large Package Surcharge will be applied to each UPS package when its length plus girth [(2 x width) + (2 x height)] combined exceeds 130 inches (330cm), but does not exceed the maximum UPS size of 165 inches (419cm).

Large Packages are subject to a minimum billable weight of 90 pounds (40kgs) in addition to the Large Package Surcharge.
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Less-Than-PalletLoad: Less-Than-PalletLoadSM (LPL) refers to shipments of goods or merchandise that weigh less than 1,000 pounds. Also see UPS Hundredweight Service.
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Less-Than-Truckload: Shipments of goods or merchandise that comprise less than a truckload in volume.
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Live Entry: Requires that the commercial invoice, original export license (if applicable), customs entry, and estimated duties must be submitted to U.S. Customs and Border Protection before the shipment can be released. There is normally a one day delay on live entry shipments. If additional information is needed, UPS will contact the recipient.
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Load Optimization: The practice of ensuring that transportation assets (vehicles, air containers, cargo space, etc.) contain as many shipments and orders as possible to minimize costs.
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M
Multi-modal: Refers to the practice of using more than one type of transportation (ocean, air, and ground, for example) to deliver a single shipment.
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Multi-piece Shipment: A shipment that contains more than one package. UPS Internet Shipping supports up to 20 packages per shipment. Note: UPS-supplied packaging, such as UPS Express, Window, Legal, or Reusable Envelopes, will be processed as single-piece shipments.
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Multiple Accounts: You can manage multiple accounts and bill shipping charges to different account numbers with UPS Internet Shipping.
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Multiple Destination Routing: Multiple Destination Routing is part of the UPS Returns Services, which helps merchants manage the handling and processing of customer returns. Multiple Destination Routing allows merchants even those routing returns back to multiple suppliers to precisely manage their returns process.
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Multiple-parcel Stop: A delivery stop where the customer regularly receives a large amount of packages.
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O
On-Call Pickup: UPS On-Call Pickup® is available with any UPS service including air, ground, and international. With this option, you can schedule same-day or future-day pickups online at ups.com or by calling UPS directly.
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Operations System: Operations System (OPSYS) is the UPS data capturing system used for all international shipments worldwide.
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Order Fulfillment: The process of taking orders, collecting products from inventory, and creating shipments based on customer requirements.
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Origin Country: The country from which your shipment is sent.
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Origin Location: The location from which your shipment originates. The Origin Location is used to help determine the cost of your shipment. It can differ from the Shipper Address, as long as both addresses are in the same country. The Origin Location is also called the Ship From Location.
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Other Regulated Materials: Other Regulated Materials are products or materials that are considered hazardous materials, but are not covered under specific product classifications.
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Outbound Notification: One of the services offered through Quantum View OutboundTM, the secure Web-based service that gives you access to the latest, detailed shipment information about packages you ship that are in transit with UPS. Outbound Notification provides you with complete information about outbound packages, including supply chain status updates.
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Outbound Shipment: Any shipment sent from you to another party.
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Overnight: Refers to the time by which delivery of letters and packages can be made by several of UPS's Next Day Air and UPS Express services to various destinations.
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Oversize: The designation for larger packages that you ship via UPS Ground and UPS Standard to Canada that meet one of the following specifications for billing purposes:

  • Oversize 1 (OS1): a package with a combined length and girth that exceeds 84 inches, and combined length and girth is equal to or less than 108 inches, and actual weight is less than 30 pounds. For each OS1 package, the billable weight is 30 pounds.
  • Oversize 2 (OS2): a package with a combined length and girth that exceeds 108 inches, and actual weight is less than 70 pounds. For each OS2 package, the billable weight is 70 pounds.
  • Oversize 3 (OS3): a UPS Ground package with a combined length and girth that exceeds 130 inches, and combined length and girth equal to or less than 165 inches, and actual weight less than 90 pounds. For each OS3 package, the billable weight is 90 pounds. A Large Package Surcharge will be applied.
  • Oversize 3 (OS3) Canada: a UPS Standard to Canada package with a combined length and girth that exceeds 130 inches, and combined length and girth equal to or less than 165 inches, and actual weight less than 150 pounds. For each UPS Standard To Canada OS3 package, the billable weight is 150 pounds.

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P
Package Level Detail Report: This report, sent to you at the end of the day, lists all the packages you shipped over the course of the day.
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Personal Identification Number: Used to gain access to Secure Package Tracking information. Each PIN is unique and random, consisting of alpha and numeric characters without case sensitivity. During My UPS registration, a PIN is assigned to a single User ID and Shipper Number.
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Pickup Location: Identifies where UPS will pick up a package, letter, or shipment.
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Pickup Status: Reveals when you can expect your package to be picked up by UPS. You can check your Pickup Status on UPS.com.
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Pickup Summary Report: Lists the total packages, by service type, to be picked up by UPS at the end of the day. Your UPS driver will sign this report to confirm the packages were picked up.
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Preload: As a noun, Preload refers to an operation in a package center where packages are sorted and loaded into vehicles for delivery, prior to the drivers reporting to work.

As a verb, preload refers to the process of placing packages into a vehicle in stop-for-stop delivery order prior to a driver reporting to work.
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Print and Mail Return Label: Offers an easy way for your customers to return a UPS-compatible shipment. At your request, UPS will send this label electronically to the customer to print and affix to the package being returned.
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Print Return Label: Offers a convenient way for you to distribute return labels to your customers. Simply print out the label and include it in the outbound shipment or distribute it to your customers separately for easy returns.
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Procurement Card: A major credit card such as Visa, MasterCard, or American Express.
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Product Configuration: Offered by UPS Worldwide Logistics, this service adds features to a product to help it better meet customer requirements. Enhancements may include adding software components or programming technical equipment.
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Product Country of Origin: A Product Country of Origin is the country associated with the origin of the product. This may be where the product was manufactured, assembled, mined, or grown. The Product Country of Origin may or may not be the same as the shipment origin country used to determine the tariff code.
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Product CTP Rate: Composite Theoretical Performance (CTP) is a measure of computational capability. For example, CTP is one of the factors that determine whether computers require an export license or qualify for a license exception.
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Proof of Delivery: Upon request, UPS will provide Proof of Delivery (P.O.D.) via fax or mail. P.O.D. is an optional service, and an additional charge will be assessed to the shipper.
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Protest Filing: A request from an importer to recoup the overpayment of duty to U.S. Customs and Border Protection due to a description discrepancy or misclassification on the customs entry.
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Q
Quantum View: A portfolio of visibility services designed to provide proactive status information about UPS shipments. These services include Quantum View® Data, Quantum View® Manage, and Quantum View Notify®.
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Quick Ship Preferences: Allow you to quickly process single-piece shipments that often reuse the same shipping characteristics.
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R
Redirect Package: A delivery option for those times when you are not available to receive your package. You can select Redirect Package to have UPS deliver your package to a local alternate address.
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Reference: When you send a shipment, you can assign a reference that will make it easier to coordinate with your or your customer's billing or filing system. The reference can be a purchase order number, a customer's job number, a Bill of Lading number, or a group of words that identifies the shipment.
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Reference Type: Refers to the kind of reference you assign to a shipment. For example, you might reserve reference 1000 through 9999 to track your purchase orders. In this case, the reference type would be Purchase Order.
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Request for Claim Payment Form: Is the form you will need to submit to UPS if you are notified that a package you shipped was damaged or lost during the delivery process.
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Restricted and Prohibited Articles: Are items that UPS will not handle. It is the shipper's responsibility to comply with the current government regulations or laws applicable in each country.
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Returns Management: Return of a shipment or order from recipient back to shipper. Reasons can include order inaccuracy, customer dissatisfaction, diagnostics and repair, damage, or return of goods into inventory. Also called Reverse Logistics.
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Reverse Logistics: Return of a shipment or order from recipient back to shipper. Reasons can include order inaccuracy, customer dissatisfaction, diagnostics and repair, damage, or return of goods into inventory. Also called Returns Management.
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S
Saturday Delivery: Saturday delivery service is available for UPS Next Day Air® Early A.M.®, UPS Next Day Air®, and UPS 2nd Day Air® shipments to most major metropolitan areas and from Canada to the United States. It is also offered for UPS Worldwide Express Plus and UPS Worldwide Express for shipments to Canada, Germany, and the United Kingdom in major metropolitan areas. With some services, Saturday delivery is available for Returns shipments that have a return-to address in the United States and Puerto Rico. 
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Screener Match Level: The Screener Match Level setting allows you to choose how closely or broadly the TradeAbilityTM Denied Party Screener evaluates your screening criteria. A setting of High will screen party or company information exactly as entered while a setting of Low will return the broadest results against similar information. Medium is the default.
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Service: The UPS service type for a shipment. For more information on service types, refer to the UPS Rate and Service Guide.
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Service Parts Logistics: Service Parts Logistics (SPL) supports the repair and maintenance of high-tech equipment after it's in the hands of the customer, including the management of parts, repairs, and refurbishing.
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Ship Date: The day that your package is tendered to UPS and begins the journey to its destination.
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Ship From Location: The location where your shipment originates. It is used to help determine the cost of your shipment and can differ from your shipper address (as long as both addresses are in the same country). Your Ship From Location is used as the default pickup address for UPS On-Call Pickup® requests.
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Shipment: Generally, packages or articles shipped. All packages shipped internationally covered under a single UPS Waybill shall be considered a single shipment. UPS Hundredweight shipments shall be considered a single shipment. Except for such international shipments and UPS Hundredweight shipments, each package or article shall be considered a separate and distinct shipment.
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Shipment Reference: Allows you to track any UPS shipment by reference, rather than by tracking number. When preparing a shipment, you can assign a reference that will make it easier to coordinate with your, or your customer's, billing or filing system.
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Ship Notification: On request, UPS will provide notification of a shipment requested by the shipper using Quantum View Notify. This notification e-mail will include the tracking number(s). Fax notification is subject to an additional charge; e-mail notification is provided at no additional charge. The applicability of this term, or the availability of the referenced service, may vary according to the country of origin and country of destination.
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Shipper's Export Declaration: A Shipper's Export Declaration (SED) is a document used for compiling U.S. export trade statistics and for export control.
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Shipper Address: The name and address from your My UPS Profile. This address may be different than the Ship From Location, as long as both addresses are in the same country.
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Shipper Release: Selecting Shipper Release authorizes UPS to release the package or letter on the first delivery attempt without receiving a signature. When Shipper Release is selected, the shipper accepts liability for the loss of the package after delivery has been made as provided for in the UPS Tariff, and Terms and Conditions of Service in effect at the time of the shipment. Note: Shipper Release is available from US50 and Puerto Rico origins to US50 and Puerto Rico destinations.
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Shipping Options: A page in UPS Create a Shipment where you can specify shipping characteristics without setting or modifying your shipping preferences.
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Shipping Preferences: Settings for your most frequently used shipping options. Setting your shipping preferences allows you to shorten the time it takes to process a shipment.
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Ship To: The location where your shipment is being sent.
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Short Message Service Phones: Short Message Service (SMS) allows short, alphanumeric messages to be sent and received with a digital wireless phone and displayed much like a pager.
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Single Entry Bond: A Single Entry Bond (SEB) is a one-time bond issued to ensure compliance with U.S. laws and regulations.
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Single-piece Shipment: A single-piece shipment contains one package. UPS Envelopes are always single-piece shipments.
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Standard Services: UPS offers a range of services to customize shipping solutions to help you better manage your shipping operations, improve tracking, and provide you with an expanded view of your shipping activity. Register at My UPS to use UPS Standard Services.
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Stench Packaging: A packaging system required for certain hazardous materials that is designed to protect against the release of odors in case of leakage from a primary receptacle. You can find out what types of material require stench packaging by consulting the chemical table or by calling the UPS Hazardous Materials Support Center.
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Supplier Diversity Program: A commitment to include all qualified suppliers in bid opportunities at UPS. The program's purpose is to develop a strong base of high-quality, minority-owned and women-owned suppliers that can provide world-class goods and services.
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Supply Chain Management: Supply Chain Management (SCM) provides solutions for the re-engineering and management of global supply chains -- from supplier through manufacturer, distributor, dealer, and/or the end consumer. UPS offers comprehensive Supply Chain Management expertise.
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T
Tagless C.O.D.: A paperless collect-on-delivery service that provides faster processing and better accuracy for your organization.
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Tariff Code: A tariff code is a product-specific code as documented in the Harmonized System (HS) maintained by the World Customs Organization (WCO.) Tariff codes exist for almost every product involved in global commerce. Required on official shipping documents for tax assessment purposes, a tariff code ensures uniformity of product classification worldwide.

A complete tariff code is no less than six digits and can be up to 10. The more digits in a tariff code string, the more specific the product it identifies. A string of less than six digits is considered a partial tariff code and represents a broad product category or chapter of products in the HS.
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Tariff Code Tree: The TradeAbilityTM Harmonizer Tariff Code Tree displays the global Harmonized Tariff System (HTS) product classification hierarchy, starting with its Table of Contents. The HTS has 22 major subdivisions or topical sections, each containing one or more chapters. In all, there are 99 chapters and thousands of tariff descriptions and corresponding tariff codes. You can navigate the Tariff Code Tree of topics, tariff codes, and descriptions to expand the tree as necessary and harmonize your product for each country.
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Tariff Document: The UPS Tariff is a document containing the rules and other provisions that govern the transportation of property. The UPS Tariff, the effective UPS Rate and Service Guide and the UPS source document for each shipment together comprise the shipping contract. The applicability of this term, or the availability of the referenced service, may vary according to the country of origin and country of destination.
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Temporary Import Entry/Bond: A Temporary Import Bond must accompany a special customs entry for merchandise to be brought into the country exempt of duty, providing the merchandise exits the country within a certain amount of time and under U.S. Customs and Border Protection supervision.
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Terms and Conditions: The Terms and Conditions are part of the UPS shipping contract, and contain the general terms and conditions under which UPS is engaged in the transportation of packages in its own territory and jointly through interchange with its affiliates. These Terms and Conditions of Service may vary depending upon the country of origin. The applicability of this term, or the availability of the referenced service, may vary according to the country of origin and country of destination.
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Third-party Logistics/Fourth-party Logistics: An outsource strategy that involves hiring another company to manage your supply chain. A third-party logistics (3PL) provider uses its assets, such as warehouses or vehicle fleets, to manage your supply chain. A fourth-party logistics provider also subcontracts others and manages those contractors on behalf of its client.
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Time-in-Transit: The number of days, excluding weekends and holidays, that a package is in transit from pickup to delivery.
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Tracking Number: UPS's Tracking numbers provide the capability to identify and trace a shipment as it moves through the UPS system to its destination. UPS automatically assigns a tracking number to your shipment. UPS will also track other types of tracking numbers, using unique numeric formats that contain from four to 20 characters. These types include UPS InfoNotice numbers, UPS Service Notice numbers, PRO numbers, House Air Waybill numbers, and House Bill of Lading numbers.
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Transit Time: Determines delivery dates and times for all UPS services for more than 200 countries and territories. International delivery dates and times are for door-to-door service, including customs clearance.
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U
U.S. Principal Party in Interest: A U.S. Principal Party in Interest (USPPI) is the person in the United States that receives the primary benefit, monetary or otherwise, of the export transaction.

Generally, the USPPI can be any of the following:

  • U.S. Seller (wholesaler/distributor) - of the merchandise for export
  • U.S. Manufacturer- if selling the merchandise for export
  • U.S. Order Party - Party who directly negotiated between the U.S. seller and foreign buyer and received the order for the export of the merchandise
  • Foreign Entity - if in the U.S. when items are purchased or obtained for export

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U.S. Shipper's Export Declaration: A U.S. Shipper's Export Declaration (SED) is a standard United States government form required for all U.S. exports with commodities valued at US$2,500 or higher. It is also mandatory for shipments which require a U.S. Department of Commerce validated export license or a U.S. Department of State license, regardless of the value of the goods.
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Unistar Air Cargo: A joint venture between UPS and Yamato Transport of Japan to provide air cargo service between the United States and Japan, as well as specialized air cargo services worldwide.
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UPS Account Number: An account number assigned by UPS to a shipper for billing purposes.
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UPS Account Owner: Companies with a UPS account will usually identify one person as the UPS Account Owner. This person authorizes who will be able to use a UPS service, bill charges for that service to a UPS Account, and receive shipment information related to a UPS Account. The Account Owner can also approve and delegate authority to sub-administrators to help manage day-to-day requests.
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UPS Address Validation: An Application Programming Interface (API) that allows you to confirm addresses down to the street-level in the United States.
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UPS Administration: An online system that helps UPS Account Owners and sub-administrators manage access to UPS Accounts and package information.
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UPS Air Hundredweight Service: Offers discount pricing for multiple package shipments weighing less than 1,000 lbs. that are sent by air to a single recipient, at one location, on the same day.
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UPS Airlines: The trade name under which UPS operates one of the world's largest airlines to serve more than 200 countries and territories worldwide.
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UPS Automated Pickup System: An interactive voice response application that uses natural language speech recognition technology to allow for fast package pickup arrangements over the phone. The Automated Pickup System uses the customer's spoken phone number to verify the pickup address, and then confirms a pickup time.
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UPS Automated Tracking System: An interactive voice response application that uses natural language speech recognition technology to provide fast package tracking over the phone. The Automated Tracking System prompts customers to recite their alphanumeric package tracking number, and then provides a detailed response in a pre-recorded voice.
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UPS CampusShip: A Web-based, UPS-hosted shipping system designed specifically for enterprise use.
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UPS Consignee Billing: An alternative billing option, also called Collect Billing, in which UPS bills shipping charges to the recipient. UPS accepts shipments for Consignee billing as long as the recipient has a valid UPS account number and has agreed to accept the charges. The shipper is responsible for all charges in the event of non-payment by the recipient. The applicability of this term, or the availability of the referenced service, may vary according to the country of origin and country of destination.
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UPS Customer Center: A Customer Center is a UPS-owned and staffed shipping location equipped to assist you with any UPS international, air or ground package shipment. Most Customer Centers are found on-site at UPS operating facilities nationwide, with some in busy metropolitan areas. Hours of operation vary by location.
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UPS Drop Box: With later pickup times and nearly 40,000 locations, UPS Drop Boxes provide convenience, security, and ease of use to meet the demands of your busy schedule. UPS Drop Boxes accept all UPS service levels 24 hours a day, seven days a week, and are available at the nearest self-service location.
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UPS GroundSaver: A contract service that offers incentives to business-to business ground shippers.
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UPS Import Freight Collect: Allows import shipments from your international vendors and suppliers to be billed to your UPS account. Provides you with multiple shipment options, all using import rates fixed in U.S. dollars.
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UPS Import Services: Provides several scheduled pickup and delivery options, including overnight services, from major international business centers around the globe. UPS Import Services publishes fixed freight-collect rates in local currency free from worldwide currency fluctuations.
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UPS Inbound Routing Form: Declares to your overseas shipping partners that you have chosen UPS as your transportation carrier for UPS-compatible package freight shipments. The UPS Inbound Routing Form also allows you to establish particular shipping instructions for a UPSAccount.
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UPS InfoNotice: The document left by a UPS driver to indicate that a delivery has been attempted. Each UPS InfoNotice® contains a UPS InfoNotice number that allows you to track, change delivery options, and verify the arrival of your packages.
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UPS Internet Shipping: Allows you to conveniently prepare domestic and international shipments online. UPS's Web-based shipping service does not require any additional software, and shipments can be paid for by payment card (for example a debit or credit card, where applicable) or UPS Account Number. It includes the ability to:

  • Create professional labels
  • Store up to 300 addresses in your address book
  • Access your previous shipments
  • Track a shipment
  • View proof of delivery

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UPS Location: Self-service and staffed shipping locations at which you can drop off your UPS shipment. Use Find Locations to find a convenient location nearest you.
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UPS On-Call Pickup: Gives you the convenience of having a shipment picked up at your home or office in major metropolitan areas.
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UPS OnLine Electronic Data Interchange: UPS OnLine Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) is a comprehensive information management tool that provides a direct electronic link to UPS, enabling you to apply knowledge about your UPS shipments throughout key enterprise functions and along the supply chain.
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UPS OnLine Office: A PC-based software application designed to improve shipping productivity and efficiency. UPS OnLine Office is LAN-compatible and can be integrated for two-way exchange of data with internal systems. The software validates information, prints professional labels, and includes powerful tracking capabilities.
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UPS OnLine Professional: A complete, highly customizable shipping system that allows you to select services, calculate rates, look up addresses, validate and print labels, and track from shipping history using criteria you define. UPS OnLineTM Professional includes powerful integration tools that allow users to map data to and from other internal systems to eliminate repetitive data entry.
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UPS OnLine Teleship: An automated shipping data storage system that is accessible via telephone. It is designed for companies that choose not to use a computer to transmit and access shipment data.
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UPS OnLine World Link: Software that provides free, fenced Internet access to Internet shipping, tracking, pick-up request, rates calculation, time-in-transit, Find Locations, supply ordering, and other UPS.com functions.
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UPS Returns: Offers several return label options, including Authorized Return Service labels, UPS Print Return labels, UPS Print & Mail Return labels, and UPS Electronic Return Labels. These services are available for UPS Next Day Air, UPS 2nd Day Air, UPS 3 Day Select, and UPS Ground services within the United States. 
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UPS Returns Plus: Offers two pickup options for returning shipments, including 1 UPS Pickup Attempt and 3 UPS Pickup Attempts. These options are available for UPS Next Day Air®, UPS 2nd Day Air®, UPS 3 Day Select® and UPS Ground services within the United States.
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UPS Shipping: A customizable Web-based shipping tool ideal for mailrooms in large corporations or campus environments.
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UPS Signature Tracking: Advanced tracking technology that enables companies to obtain instant Proof of Delivery (P.O.D.) of goods with a digital signature.
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UPS Smart Label: A printed label that includes bar and routing codes to help ensure accurate routing and prompt delivery of shipments. Also allows for fast access to tracking and delivery information.
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UPS Time in Transit: A UPS OnLine Tool that displays all UPS shipping services and their availability worldwide. UPS Time in Transit determines the scheduled delivery date and time, as well as the number of days the package will be in transit.
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UPS TotalTrack: Offers a rapid response to shipment tracking inquiries, usually within 30 minutes.
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UPS Tracking: An online system that allows you and your intended recipients to track the delivery status of a shipment. You can access tracking information with a tracking number, an import tracking number, a reference, or an e-mail address.
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UPS WorldShip: UPS WorldShipTM is a full-featured, Windows®-based, global shipping software, which is available in over 100 countries and multiple languages. WorldShip gives you access to the complete portfolio of UPS package and freight services. You can also streamline business processes by connecting WorldShip to your internal customer service and accounting systems.
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V
Verbal Confirmation of Delivery: One of the delivery confirmation options you have when you send a package UPS Next Day Air Early A.M. When you use this service, UPS will call you to confirm delivery of your package.
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Verification Code: A Verification Code is a security feature used to help authorize your credit card transaction and protect against fraud. The location of this non-embossed code will vary depending on which credit card you are using.
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Verification Question: A piece of information you establish when you register with My UPS. For example, you may select Mother's Maiden Name as your verification question. If you forget your My UPS password, you will be asked to provide your mother's maiden name to verify your identity and retrieve your password.
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W
What is an API?: UPS Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) are programming instructions and standards for accessing and integrating UPS functionality into your e-commerce website or enterprise applications. APIs allow your customers to track the products they have purchased online, compare and choose from a variety of shipping services that best serve their needs, and handle shipping logistics more efficiently than ever before.

Available APIs:

  • Address Validation API
  • Address Validation Street Level API
  • Locator API
  • Pickup API
  • Quantum View® API
  • Rating API
  • Shipping API
  • Time in Transit API
  • Tracking API
  • UPS Delivery Intercept®
  • UPS Signature Tracking® API
  • UPS TradeAbility® API

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Z
Zone: A service area on which shipping rates are based.
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Zone and Rate Charts: Use the Zone and Rate Charts to determine UPS shipping rates worldwide. You can use the zone number, along with the weight of your shipment, to obtain the shipping rate.
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View Examples
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